BEP Content Updates
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Due to the changing nature of the political landscape in Northern Africa and the Middle East, this page, to be regularly updated, has been established. Here you will find highlights of the events that have inexorably changed these regions.


ALGERIA:
"Even so, officials seemed to offer a concession to the protesters, vowing to lift Algeria's state of emergency, in place since 1992. On February 24 the state of emergency was officially lifted. . ."
BAHRAIN:
"In November an independent report commissioned by the Bahraini government confirmed that government forces had used excessive force to quell protests and that some detainees had been tortured while in the custody of the security forces. . ."
EGYPT:
"When voting was concluded in January, it was clear that the elections had been dominated by Egypt's Islamist groups. . ."
IRAN:
"Protesters, ostensibly gathering to show solidarity with Egypt and Tunisia, began chanting slogans critical of Ahmadinejad and Khamenei. The Iranian police and paramilitary forces cracked down. . ."
IRAQ:
"In October 2011 the United States announced that the last of its 39,000 troops would leave Iraq at the end of 2011. On December 15 the U.S. military held a ceremony in Baghdad to formally declare the end of its mission in Iraq. . ."
JORDAN:
"Opposition groups praised some of the changes, such as the creation of a constitutional court and new restrictions on the jurisdiction of the state security court, but objected that the amendments did not do enough. . ."
LIBYA:
"The Transitional National Council struggled to establish a functional government and exert its authority in the months that followed the fall of the Qaddafi regime. . ."
MOROCCO:
"The Justice and Development Party (Parti de la Justice et du DĂ©veloppement; PJD), a moderate Islamist party, won 107 out of 395 seats in parliamentary elections held in November 2011. . ."
OMAN:
"After clashes between protesters left at least one protester dead and several injured, Sultan Qaboos announced measures meant to quell the unrest, including the creation of 50,000 new jobs. . ."
SOUTH SUDAN:
"South Sudan proclaimed its independence on July 9, 2011, and the declaration was greeted with widespread international recognition. On July 14 South Sudan was admitted as a member of the UN. South Sudan moved quickly to assert its newly independent status. . ."
SUDAN:
"The launching of Sudan's new currency, months earlier than expected, came just one week after South Sudan had introduced its own currency. The influx of two new currencies within a narrow time frame raised concerns. . ."
SYRIA:
"After several Arab countries withdrew their monitors over concerns for their safety, the Arab League formally suspended the monitoring mission on January 28, 2012. Violence seemed to accelerate after the failure of the monitoring mission. . ."
TUNISIA:
"The Constituent Assembly met for the first time in late November and approved an interim constitution in early December. The assembly also elected Moncef Marzouki, a human rights activist and former opponent of the Ben Ali regime, as president of Tunisia. . ."
YEMEN:
"The election was held in February as planned, and Hadi was sworn in as president on February 25. . ."

 

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